Herb Formulas Notebook

Niu Xi Dan Shen Jiu

Achyranthes and Salvia Wine

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Source: Chinese Medicinal Wines and Elixirs (2008)
Author: Various

Category: Formulas that Warm Interior Cold

Pattern: Wind-Cold-Damp obstruction of the channels with Middle and Lower Jiao Deficient and Cold

Key Symptoms: Prolonged lower back pain and lower leg impediment in summer, aching and pain of the sinews and bones which cannot be bent, numbness and insensitivity of the skin, swelling and pain of the joints of the fingers and toes.

Niu Xi 25g
Dan Shen 25g
Yi Yi Ren 25g
Sheng Di Huang 25g
Wu Jia Pi 18g
Bai Zhu 18g
Zhi Fu Zi 12g
Bi Xie 12g
Chi Fu Ling 12g
Fang Feng 12g
Du Huo 20g
Shi Hu 20g
Hai Feng Teng 20g
Rou Gui 10g
Ren Shen 10g
Chuan Xiong 10g
Shi Nan Ye 10g
Xi Xin 6g
Sheng Ma 6g
Ci Shi 50g
Sheng Jiang 15g
Bai Jiu 1.95L

Bai Jiu (white alcohol) traditionally means rice wine but can be substituted with any other high strength spirit.
Fu Zi is also prohibited from use in the UK due to toxicity. Xian Mao and changing Sheng Jiang for hotter Gan Jiang may be the best substitutes in this instance.
Xi Xin is also prohibited due to fears over aristolochic acids. Qiang Huo and Gui Zhi are the standard substitutes but this formula already contains Du Huo and Rou Gui which are better for lower pain. Increasing their dosage may be best.
Shi Hu may also need to be replaced due to availability. Tian Men Dong and Gou Qi Zi would make suitable substitutes.
Shi Nan Ye may also be hard to obtain and could be replaced with Yin Yang Huo.
Ci Shi also requires replacement due to being a mineral. Gong Lao Ye and Hu Po are the standard substitutes.

Preparation: Grind the herbs and place in a large jar with 1.95L of alcohol and seal the lid. After seven days open, remove the dregs and store for use. Take 1 small teacup on an empty stomach five times a day, or fewer if they are not accustomed to drinking alcohol.

Actions: Scatters Cold and dispels Wind, supplements the Ming Men Fire and rescues Yang, soothes the Sinews and invigorates the Blood, warms the Middle Jiao and stops pain.

Contraindications: Damp-Heat conditions, pregnancy and long term in the young and middle aged use due to the harmful effects on continuous alcohol consumption.

Research Links:
Science Direct
Google Scholar
Journal of Chinese Medicine
American Dragon

Reference Notes: (click to display)

These pages are intended to assist clinicians and are not intended for self-diagnosis or treatment for which a qualified professional should be consulted.