Points Database

Location Guides:

: Jingming : Bright Eyes

Bl-1 : Foot Taiyang Bladder 1

Classifications:
Entry point from Tinggong SI-19
Master point of the Heart, Small Intestine, Kidney and Bladder Divergent Meridians (Chace, The Merging of Ways)
Confluent point of the Stomach, Spleen, Heart and Small Intenstine Divergent Channels (Cecil-Sterman, 2012, Advanced Acupuncture)

Meetings:
Meeting of Bladder with Small Intestine, Stomach, Gall Bladder, San Jiao, Yin Qiao Mai, Yang Qiao Mai, Stomach Divergent, Spleen Divergent, Small Intestine Divergent and Heart Divergent

Location:
0.1 cun medial and superior to the inner canthus of they eye, near to the medial border of the orbit.

Needling:
Perpendicular insertion 0.2 - 0.3 cun. Ask the patient to close their eyes and look as far as possible to the side away from the needle. With the forefinger push the eye gently away and hold firmy while needling slowly and perpendicularly with the other hand, without lifting, thrusting or rotating. Immediately withdraw and press firmly with a cotton ball for about a minute to prevent haematoma.

Warning:
Contraindicated to moxibustion


TCM Actions:
Benefits the eyes
Expels wind and clears heat

TCM Indications:
  • Redness, swelling and pain of the eyes, lacrimation on exposure to wind, redness and itching of the inner canthus, blurred vision, dimness of vision, night blindness, photophobia, colour blindness, visual dizziness, near sightedness, superficial visual obstruction, aversion to cold with headache.

    Neuroanatomy:
    Superficial Innervation: CN V1 ophthalamic branch of trigeminal
    Dermatome Segment: CN V1 ophthalamic branch of trigeminal

    Notes:
    Ling Shu Ch. 5 places this point, described as the "gates of life", a reference to the eyes, as the end of Taiyang with Zhi Yin Bl-67 as the root. In cases of sudden illness the whole channel is to be examined for surplus and deficiency and the pathology removed.

    Ling Shu Ch. 52, On the Wei Qi, considers this to be the tip of the hand and foot Taiyang meridians with the roots being at Fuyang Bl-59 and Yanglao SI-6..

    According to Jeffrey Yuen (2005, The Eight Extraordinary Vessels) these points are the origin of the third trajectory of the Du mai which ascends the head to Baihui Du-20 where it enters the Brain to emerge again at the base of the skull and travels down the Huatuojiaji to the Kidneys.

    This point is also indicated in issues with the Second Level of Manifestation of the Soul, or Svadhishthana chakra manifesting in deficiency in ability to make subconscious associations, along with Mingmen Du-4 and Yongquan Kid-1. They represent individuality, ability to see polarity, make separations and move into the world (Yuen, 2005, 3 Spirits & 7 Souls).

    When used as part of a Divergent Meridian treatment is paired with the He Sea point, or less commonly with the Yuan Source or Luo Connecting point of the channels (Chace, The Merging of Ways).

    When used in Cecil-Sterman's Divergent treatments (2012, Advanced Acupuncture) she suggests that if the patient is really uncomfortable with needling so close to the eye that Zanzhu Bl-2 with very strong intention may suffice (although she warns against it being seen as a substitute).
    For the application of essential oils in self-treatment she suggests Yingxiang LI-20 to prevent oil getting into the eye.

    Medieval phlebotomy point (John de Foxton, 1408: Liber Cosmographiae, maa.cam.ac.uk)

    Galen mentioned bleeding this point for crusts on the eyes that remain after inflammation (Brain, 1986, Galen on Bloodletting, p.89, 94)

    In ayurvedic medicine:
    Sringataka marma point
    Size: 4 angula (cun)
    Structure: Blood vessels
    Effect of Injury: Fatal (sadhyapranahar marma)
    (Harish Johari, 1996, Ayurvedic Massage, Sanatan Society; Anupama Bhattacharya, Marma Shastra)

    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda call this point Kaninaka and associate it with Alochaka Pitta, Pachaka Pitta, Prana Vayu, Vyana Vayu and Tarpaka Kapha.

    They give the following actions:
    - Benefits the eyes, improves vision
    - Enhances circulation of aqueous and vitreous humor
    - Relieves headaches
    - Opens nasolacrimal duct, relieves nasal congestion
    - Relieves stress and tension


    Reference Notes: (click to display)