Acupuncture Points Notebook

Location Guides:

: Shenzhu : Body Pillar

Du-12 : Extraordinary Governing Vessel 12

Master Tung's Five Mountain Ranges

On the midline of the back, in the depression below the spinous process of the third thoracic vertebra (T3).

Perpendicular-oblique superior insertion 0.5 - 1 cun

The spinal canal lies between 1.25 and 1.75 cun deep to the skin surface, varying according to body build.

TCM Actions:
Clears heat from the lung and heart
Calms the spirit
Pacifies wind

TCM Indications:
  • Heat in the chest, dyspnoea, sudden cough with lumbar pain, heat in the body, dry mouth, agitation with thirst, headache and sweating.
  • Mad walking, delirious raving, seeing ghosts, rage with desire to kill people.
  • Childhood fright epilepsy, clonic spasm, opisthotonos, clove sores.

    Superficial Innervation: Medial branches of dorsal rami of T3
    Dermatome Segment: T3

    This point is also on the 3rd trajectory of the Chong mai connecting the Chong with the Du for Invigorating Yang in cases of Bi Obstruction due to Blood Stagnation (Yuen, 2005, The Extraordinary Vessels).


    In Master Tung's system this point is one of the five mountain ranges (Wu Ling). They consist of five sets of points in three lines representing the phases of the Wu Xing in a series of lines:

    The first set is along the midline, below each vertebrae from T2 to T11. From T2 to T8 relate to Fire, T9 to T11 relate to Earth.
    The second set is 3 cun from the midline. from T2 to T9. From T2 to T6 relate to Metal, T7 to T9 relate to Wood.
    The third set is 6 cun from the midline from T2 to T8. From T2 to T4 relate to Metal, T5 to T8 relate to Wood.

    They are indicated for fever, common cold, hypertension, headache, lumbar pain, numbness of the hands and feet, hemiplegia, acute stomachache, vomiting or acute enteritis by releasing heat, wind and stagnation from the organs relating to their phase and treated with a pricking method to release a drop of blood (McCann, 2014, Pricking the Vessels).

    This sort of technique may make greater sense than regular needles as shallow depth without retention may be safer over the spine and lungs.


    In Tibetan medicine:
    Edelweiss flowers (Trah-wah) are burnt in cones like moxa over crushed garlic at this point and over T4 for pulmonary dieseases due to mLung and Bad-Kan.
    T2 is also used for pulmonary and heart diseases and headaches caused by cold mKris-pa (Bradley, 2000: Principles of Tibetan Medicine)

    Reference Notes: (click to display)