Acupuncture Points Notebook

: Yongquan : Gushing Spring

Kid-1 : Foot Shaoyin Kidney 1

Jing-Well and Wood point

Child point of the Kidney channel
Entry point from Zhiyin Bl-67

Trigger point (Travell & Simons, 1998, Trigger Point Manual)

On the sole of the foot, between the second and third metatarsal bones, approximately one third of the distance between the base of the second toe and the heel, in a depression formed when the foot is plantar flexed.

Perpendicular insertion 0.5 - 1 cun

TCM Actions:
Descends excess from the head
Calms the spirit
Revives consciousness and rescues yang

TCM Indications:
  • Loss of consciousness from windstroke, loss of consciousness.
  • Epilepsy, childhood fright wind, dizziness, visual dizziness, couldy vision, vertex headache, hypertension, throat painful obstruction, throat pain with inability to swallow, loss of voice, dry tongue, nosebleed, dark complexion, running piglet qi.
  • Agitation, insomnia, poor memory, propensity to fear, rage with desire to kill people, madness, Heart pain.
  • Cough, dyspnoea, vomiting and coughing blood.
  • Wind rash, sudden turmoil disorder with cramps, contracted sinews.
  • Constipation, lumbar pain with difficult defecation, difficult urination, pain in the lower abdomen in pregnant women with inability to urinate, fullness of the lower abdomen, periumbilical pain, shan disorder, infertility, impotence, disorders due to excessive sexual activity, fullness of the lateral costal region, jaundice, diminished qi.
  • Lower limb paralysis, chronic leg qi, pain and swelling of the leg, cold sensation of the feet and shins, heat in the soles of the feet, chronic pain and numbness of the foot, pain of the five toes with inability to stand.

    Superficial Innervation: Medial plantar nerve from L4 - L5
    Dermatome Segment: L5

    Trigger Point Associations:
    Muscle: Adductor hallucis
    Myotome Innervation: Lateral plantar nerve, from tibial nerve (L5 - S2)
    Location Notes: Travell & Simons (1998) describe four points around Yongquan Kid-1, one slightly distal and three medial to the classical location
    Pain Referral Pattern: Around points on ball and medial side of foot
    Indications: Diseases of the foot

    Important point in Taiji and Qigong for feeling the balance through the feet and where Yin is drawn upwards from the Earth, or Yang is drawn down towards. Zhuangzi, Book 6, The Great and Venerable Teacher, says: "The True Man breathes with his heels; the mass of men breathe with their throats (其息深深,真人之息以踵,眾人之息以喉)" (trans. Burton Watson).


    In five element acupuncture this point is reduced to drain excess in the Kidney.


    Ling Shu Ch. 19, on the Four Seasonal Qi, advises opening the Jing-Well and Ying-Spring openings in winter, piercing deeply and retaining the needle for a while.

    Ling Shu Ch. 20, On the Five Evils, advises piercing this point and Kunlun Bl-60, removing any stagnant blood from visible vessels for pathogens in the Kidneys causing aching bones and Yin-type Bi syndrome with numbness, swollen abdomen, difficult defecation, dizziness and aching of the lower back, neck, nape and shoulders. A near identical passage in the Su Wen Ch. 74, gives the same advice but only refers to the Kunlun Bl-60 point which might save a lot of unnecessary pain.

    Ling Shu Ch. 22, On Mania and Madness, advises that when Wind invasion and counterflow causes the limbs to become swollen, profuse sweating, a feeling cold and to be irritated when hungry, then blood is removed from the outer and inner sections of the hand Taiyin and foot Shaoyin and Yangming. If the flesh is cool then it is be done through the Ying-Spring points and if the bones are cold it is to be done through the Jing-Well and Jing-River points.

    Ling Shu Ch. 23, On Heat Diseases, recommends this point with Yinlingquan Sp-9 and Lianquan Ren-23 to remove a Heat disease with tension and pain on both sides of the navel, and a feeling of fullness in the chest and flanks.

    At the end of the chapter it suggests bleeding this point and then any full vessels around the instep if a man has a retraction of the genitals or a woman has her menses blocked, or if the lower back and spine feel as if detached with no desire to eat or drink.

    Ling Shu Ch. 44, On the Qi Moving in Accordance with the Norms, indicates that the Jing-Well points should be pierced in winter or when the disease is in the Zang organs. The seasonal aspect should not be interpreted literally as it describes the nature of winter as the the time of storage and the Zang as "controlled by winter" (i.e. to be storage depots by nature). It also describes the morning, afternoon, evening and night cycle of the day to be like the four seasons of the year with night corresponding to winter.


    Shang Han Lun, line 292, advises using seven cones of moxa on Shaoyin if the pulse fails to arrive normally in a Shaoyin pattern with symptoms of vomiting and diarrhoea, absence of counterflow but presence of heat effusion. No points are given but Ke Qin suggests this point and Fuliu Kid-7 while Zhang Nan suggests Taixi Kid-3 (Mitchell, Ye and Wiseman, 1999, Shang Han Lun).


    Located slightly proximal, in the middle of the sole, this point is also the end of the 4th trajectory of the Chong mai relating to structural aspects of the body via the Qiao (Yuen, 2005, The Extraordinary Vessels).

    This point is also indicated in issues with the Second Level of Manifestation of the Soul, or Svadhishthana chakra manifesting in deficiency in ability to make subconscious associations, along with Jingming Bl-1 and Mingmen Du-4. They represent individuality, ability to see polarity, make separations and move into the world (Yuen, 2005, 3 Spirits & 7 Souls).


    This is also one of the points in the 3 Treasures treatment along with Shanzhong Ren-17 and Baihui Du-20. The alchemist Ge Hong used moxa on these points for exorcism of ghosts ("Gui") with Yongquan Kid-1 especially indicated for nightmares of being subdued (ibid.).


    In ayurvedic medicine:
    Talahridya marma point
    Size: 1/2 angula (cun)
    Structure: Muscular
    Effect of Injury: Early death (sadhyapranahar marma)
    (Harish Johari, 1996, Ayurvedic Massage, Sanatan Society; Anupama Bhattacharya, n.d. Marma Shastra)

    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda call this point Pada Madhya and associate it with the doshas: Prana Vayu, Vyana Vayu and Pachaka Pitta.

    They give the following functions:
    - Benefits the feet and lower extremities
    - Relieves pain locally
    - Relieves headaches
    - Maintains equilibrium
    - Calms the mind and relieves stress


    In Thai massage:
    Acupressure point indicated for headache, heart conditions, hypertension respiratory ailments and stress (Salguero & Roylance, 2011, Encyclopedia of Thai Massage).

    Reference Notes: (click to display)