Points Database

: Shuiquan : Water Spring

Kid-5 : Foot Shaoyin Kidney 5

Classifications:
Xi-Cleft point

Location:
1 cun inferior to Taixi Kid-3 in a depression anterior and superior to the calcaneal tuberosity (the site of in sertion of the Achilles tendon into the calcaneum).

Needling:
Oblique-perpendicular insertion directed away from the bone, 0.3 - 0.5 cun, or transverse insertion distally to link with points up to Taibai Sp-3 or superiorly to Fuliu Kid-7.

TCM Actions:
Regulates the Chong and Ren Mai and benefits menstruation

TCM Indications:
  • Amenorrhoea, irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhoea, delayed menstruation with oppression and pain below the Heart on onset of menstruation, prolapse of the uterus.
  • Cloudy vision, short sightedness, abdominal pain, difficult urination, dribbling urination.

    Neuroanatomy:
    Superficial Innervation: Medial calcaneal branches of tibial nerve (S1 - S2)
    Dermatome Segment: S1

    Notes:
    Location of the tibialis posterior pulse

    In "leg-strengthening needling" this point is needled transversely connecting with Zhaohai Kid-6, Rangu Kid-2, Gongsun Sp-4 and Taibai Sp-3, creating sore numb and distending feeling in heel and sole of foot (Liu Yan, 2008, Diagrams of Acupuncture Manipulations, p. 140-1).

    In "Hidrosis stopping needling" to control excessive sweating, oedema and urinary disorders, this point is needled transversely in a superior direction to pass through Dazhong Kid-4, Taixi Kid-3 and Fuliu Kid-7 (Liu Yan, 2008, Diagrams of Acupuncture Manipulations, p. 140-1).

    In Tung acupuncture the Shui Xian, Water Sprite (66.15) is located 1 cun below this point. It is indicated for Kidney deficiency and Water signs, e.g. nephritis, oedema, fatigue and lumbago (Chu, 2015).

    A medieval phlebotomy point is located close to here but slightly distal and posterior, at the attachment point of the Achilles tendon to the calcaneous (Hans von Gersdorff, 1517: Feldtbüch der Wundartzney, www.nlm.nih.gov)

    In ayurvedic medicine:
    Gulpha marma point
    Size: 2 angula (cun)
    Structure: Joint
    Effect of Injury: Pain (rujakar marma)
    (Harish Johari, 1996, Ayurvedic Massage, Sanatan Society; Anupama Bhattacharya, Marma Shastra)

    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda call this point medial Gulpha and associate it with Prana Vayu, Apana Vayu, Vyana Vayu, Shleshaka Kapha.

    They give the following functions:
    - Benefits the ankles
    - Improves circulation in the feet
    - Relieves pain locally
    - Regulates kidney function and water filtration
    - Pacifies kapha dosha

    A lateral Gulpha point is located at Shenmai Bl-62.

    In Thai massage:
    Acupressure point (Salguero & Roylance, 2011, Encyclopedia of Thai Massage)



    Reference Notes: (click to display)