Points Database

Location Guides:

: Zhaohai : Shining Sea

Kid-6 : Foot Shaoyin Kidney 6

Classifications:
Confluent point of the Yin Qiao Mai, coupled with Lieque Lu-7

Meetings:
Meeting of Kidney with Yin Qiao Mai

Location:
1 cun below the prominence of the medial malleolus, in the grrove formed by two ligamentous bundles of tibialis posterior anteriorly and flexor digitorum longus posteriorly. These may be highlighted by flexing and inverting the foot.

Needling:
Oblique insertion directed superiorly 0.3 - 0.5 cun

TCM Actions:
Benefits the throat
Nourishes the kidneys and clears deficiency heat
Regulates the Yin Qiao Mai
Calms the spirit
Regulates the lower jiao

TCM Indications:
  • Swelling and pain of the throat, dry throat, plumstone qi (globus hystericus).
  • Redness and pain of the eyes originating at the inner canthus, vision disturbed by seeing spots and stars, head wind, dizziness.
  • Insomnia, somnolence, night-time epilepsy, sadness, fright, nightmares, five palms agitated and hot.
  • Frequent urination, enuresis, dribbling urination in women, blood painful urinary dysfunction, oedema, constipation.
  • Irregular menstruation, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, chronic cold of the uterus leading to infertility, difficult labour, persistent flow of lochia, post-partum pain in the umbilical region, red and white leucorrhoea, uterine prolapse.
  • Itching of the genitals, sudden involuntary erection, seminal emission, shan disorder, hypogastric pain.
  • Hot or cold sensation in the lower abdomen, sudden turmoil disorder, distension and fullness of the chest and abdomen, oppressive sensation of the body.
  • Tightness and contraction of the inner aspect of the leg, weariness or pain of the four limbs, cold damp leg qi, deficiency in the elderly, cramps of the feet and hands, hemiplegia.

    Neuroanatomy:
    Superficial Innervation: Medial calcaneal branches of tibial nerve (S1 - S2)
    Dermatome Segment: L4

    Notes:
    The connection with the Yin Qiao Mai is derived from the Ling Shu Ch. 23, On Heat Diseases, which advises using this point to remove disease from the Yin Qiao Mai when the eyes are red and sore and this originates from the inner canthus.

    It also recommends using the Yin Qiao Mai along with Dadu Liv-1 and bleeding the Luo for dysuria from a bulging disease (maybe prostate?).

    Ling Shu Ch. 52, On the Wei Qi, considers this point or Fuliu Kid-7 or Jiaoxin Kid-8 (the text is vague and says 3 cun above or below the inner ankle) to be the root of the foot Shaoyin meridian with the tip being at Shenshu Bl-23 and Lianquan Ren-23.

    Ling Shu Ch. 73, Each According to His Ability, suggests pricking (Wu & Wu, 2010) or applying Moxa (Unschuld, 2016) to the Qiao Mai when the location of a suffering is unknown. It warns that this point should be used for a woman and Shenmen Bl-62 on a man, and prohibits the reverse.

    In Tung acupuncture the Shui Jing, Water Crystal, point (66.13) is located 1 cun inferior to this and is indicated for abdominal and uterine problems involving distension and masses (Chu, 2015).

    Medieval phlebotomy point (Hans von Gersdorff, 1517: Feldtbüch der Wundartzney, www.nlm.nih.gov)

    In Tibetan medicine:
    Moxa point (AMNH, Tibetan Medical Paintings)



    Reference Notes: (click to display)