Acupuncture Points Notebook

: Shaoshang : Lesser Shang (metal)

Lu-11 : Hand Taiyin Lung 11

Alternative Name(s): Guixin, Guiyan
Translation: Ghost Trust, Ghost Talk

Jing-Well and Wood point

Sun Si-miao Ghost point (1st Trinity)

On the extensor aspect of the thumb, at the junction of the lines drawn along the radial border of the nail and the base of the nail, approximately 0.1 cun from the corner of the nail

Perpendicular or oblique insertion directed proximally 0.1 - 0.2 cun, or prick to bleed

TCM Actions:
Revives consciousness
Clears heat and benefits the throat

TCM Indications:
  • Loss of consciousness from windstroke, loss of consciousness, cold inversion, hot inversion.
  • Sore throat, throat painful obstruction, childhood throat moth, mumps, lotus flower tongue, nosebleed, dry lips with desire to drink, febrile disease with cold shivering.
  • Agitation (of the Heart) with cough and dyspnoea, fullness of the Heart with sweating, fullness below the Heart, mania, childhood fright wind, malaria, vomiting.
  • Pain and contraction of the wrist, pain of the thumb, heat of the palms, painful obstruction of the upper arm, pain of the front of the ear.

    Superficial Innervation: Median nerve branch to thumb from C6 - C8
    Dermatome Segment: C6

    Along with Yuji Lu-10 this is the main point for sore throats.


    Ling Shu Ch. 19, on the Four Seasonal Qi, advises opening the Jing-Well and Ying-Spring openings in winter, piercing deeply and retaining the needle for a while.

    Ling Shu Ch. 22, On Mania and Madness, advises that when Wind invasion and counterflow causes the limbs to become swollen, profuse sweating, a feeling cold and to be irritated when hungry, then blood is removed from the outer and inner sections of the hand Taiyin and foot Shaoyin and Yangming. If the flesh is cool then it is be done through the Ying-Spring points and if the bones are cold it is to be done through the Jing-Well and Jing-River points.

    Ling Shu Ch. 28, On Oral Inquiry, suggests supplementing this point along with Shangguan GB-3 for treating noises in the ears.

    Ling Shu Ch. 44, On the Qi Moving in Accordance with the Norms, indicates that the Jing-Well points should be pierced in winter or when the disease is in the Zang organs. The seasonal aspect should not be interpreted literally as it describes the nature of winter as the the time of storage and the Zang as "controlled by winter" (i.e. to be storage depots by nature). It also describes the morning, afternoon, evening and night cycle of the day to be like the four seasons of the year with night corresponding to winter.


    Ghost Points:
    The first trinity of ghost points, consisting of this point, Yinbai Sp-1 and Renzhong Du-26, represent the initial stages of being taken over. Being at the peripheries of the body they are aimed at expelling the influence before it takes hold.

    As the second point in the first trinity, the name of this point, Guixin, Ghost Trust, reflects that the ghost gains your trust and you stop noticing the change as different or usual. Its other name, Guiyan, Ghost Talk, refers to the main symptom of this stage being changes in the throat and voice, a rattling or crackling and continual need to clear or cough (Phlegm). Other symptoms include susceptibility to changes in the exterior, especially Yang factors such as wind, heat and light, as you take on the a Yin nature of the Ghost.

    This point should be needled rather than treated with moxa. The needle technique is usually Zheng Dong, to "rattle" the needle as if to shake someone into waking up (Yuen, 2005, 3 Spirits & 7 Souls).


    In Tung acupuncture the Wu Hu, Five Tigers, are located near this point, on the proximal segment of the thumb along the palmar aspect. They are collection of five points for treating Cold-Damp Bi syndromes. In order of distal to proximal:
    1 treats pain of the fingers
    2 treats pain of the hand
    3 treats pain of the toes
    4 treats pain of the dorsal foot
    5 treats pain of the heel and plantar region of the foot
    They are often combined with GB channel points to expel Wind and promote movement (Chu, 2015).

    A sixth point, Xiao Je, Small Joint, is located below these, at the junction of the base of the thumb and the first metacarpal, indicated for pain of the ankle, neck or wrist (ibid.)


    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda locate a point at the midpoint of the base of the thumb nail called Hasta Kshipra and associate it with the doshas: Prana Vayu, Vyana Vayu and Tarpaka Kapha.

    They give the following functions:
    - Benefits the hand
    - Relieves headaches
    - Enhances flow of prana to the lungs and brain

    In Tibetan medicine:
    Moxa point (AMNH, Tibetan Medical Paintings)

    In Thai massage:
    Acupressure point indicated for fever and neck pain/injury/arthritis (Salguero & Roylance, 2011, Encyclopedia of Thai Massage)

    Reference Notes: (click to display)