Acupuncture Points Notebook

Location Guides:

: Shenque : Spirit Gateway

Ren-8 : Extraordinary Conception Vessel 8

Meeting of Conception Vessel with Kidney Divergent

In the centre of the umbilicus

Needling is contraindicated at this point. It is normally treated by moxibustion or massage. Moxibustion can be indirect, by a stick, or mediated by substances such as salt, sliced ginger, crushed garlic or aconite cake

TCM Actions:
Warms the yang and rescues collapse
Warms and harmonises the intestines

TCM Indications:
  • Loss of consciousness from windstroke, collapse of yang qi, loss of consciousness.
  • Deficiency cold of the abdomen, incessant diarrhoea, borborygmus, diarrhoea in the elderly or in deficient people, infantile diarrhoea following breast-feeding, prolapse of the rectum, sudden turmoil disorder, pain around the umbilicus, oedema and drum distension.
  • Abdominal distension and retention of urine in post-partum women, infertility from cold in the blood.
  • Qi painful urinary dysfunction, wind epilepsy, opisthotonos.

    Superficial Innervation: Anterior cutaneous thoracic nerve from T10
    Dermatome Segment: T10

    Alchemical texts place this as the true location of the lower dan tian or lower cinnabar field, instead of Qihai Ren-6 or Guanyuan Ren-4 (Wang Mu, 2011, Foundations of Internal Alchemy)


    Classical texts such as the Nei Jing and Ling Shu which considered the Dai mai as simple a circle around the waist would include this a point on the Dai mai along with others level to this and Mingmen Du-4 instead of the traditional points (Yuen, 2005, The Eight Extraordinary Vessels).


    In ayurvedic medicine:
    Nabhi marma point
    Size: 4 angula (cun)
    Structure: Ligament
    Effect of Injury: Fatal (sadhyapranahar marma)
    (Harish Johari, 1996, Ayurvedic Massage, Sanatan Society; Anupama Bhattacharya, Marma Shastra)

    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda locate a group of five points here and at Taiyi St-23 and slightly medial to Fujie Sp-14 called Nabhi Marmani. They are all associated with Prana Vayu, Samana Vayu, Apana Vayu, Vyana Vayu, Pachaka Pitta, Ranjaka Pitta and Kledaka Kapha.

    They all have the following actions:
    - Enkindles agni, regulates samana vayu
    - Stimulates digestion and absorption in stomach, small intestine and colon
    - Regulates functions of liver, gallbladder, spleen, intestines
    - Regulates function of kidneys, pancreas, and adrenals
    - Relieves congestion in these associated organs
    - Relieves stagnation locally caused by vyana vayu
    - Relieves abdominal pain and distension
    This point is especially connected to the small intestine, mesenteric lymph nodes, peritoneum fold (omentum) and abdominal aorta.


    In Tibetan medicine:
    Moxa point (AMNH, Tibetan Medical Paintings)


    In Thai massage:
    Origin of all ten major sen lines, the Itha, Pingala, Kalatharee, Sahatsarangsi, Tawaree, Sumana, Lawusang, Ulanga, Nantakawat and Kitcha (Salguero & Roylance, 2011, Encyclopedia of Thai Massage).


    In Hindu tantrism this point would be the likely equivalent of the Manipura chakra.

    Reference Notes: (click to display)