Points Database

Location Guides:

: Chengqi : Container of Tears

St-1 : Foot Yangming Stomach 1

Classifications:
Entry point from Yingqiang LI-20
Master point of the Spleen and Stomach Divergent Meridians (Chace, The Merging of Ways).

Meetings:
Meeting of Stomach with Yang Qiao Mai and Ren

Location:
With the eyes looking directly forwards, this point is located directly below the pupul between the eyeball and the infraorbital ridge.

Needling:
With the patients eyes closed and looking straight up, use a finger to move the eyeball upwards and insert the needle, at first slightly inferiorly, then perpedicularly, between the eyeball and the inferior wall of the orbit, 0.5 - 1 cun.

Warning:
Needle should be inserted slowly without lifting, thrusting or rotating. Immediately on withdrawal, press firmly with a cotton but for about a minute to prevent haematoma. According to several classical texts this point is contradindicated to moxibustion


TCM Actions:
Benefits the eyes and stops lacrimation
Eliminates wind and clears heat

TCM Indications:
  • Redness, swelling and pain of hte eyes, lacrimation on exposure to wind, cold lacrimation, hot lacrimation, superficial visual obstruction, dimness of vision, short sightedness, visual dizziness, night blindness, itching of the yes, upward staring eyes, twitching of the eyelids.
  • Deviation of the mouth and eye, inability to speak, deafness and tinnitus.

    Neuroanatomy:
    Superficial Innervation: CN V1 ophthalamic branch of trigeminal
    Dermatome Segment: CN V1 ophthalamic branch of trigeminal

    Notes:
    This point would also be on the upper trajectory of the Chong mai in Jeffrey Yuen's descriptions (Yuen, 2005, The Extraordinary Vessels).

    When used as part of a Divergent Meridian treatment is paired with the He Sea point, or less commonly with the Yuan Source or Luo Connecting point of the channels (Chace, The Merging of Ways).

    Medieval phlebotomy point (Hans von Gersdorff, 1517: Feldtbüch der Wundartzney, www.nlm.nih.gov). From the diagram it looks as though a leech may have been applied to the eyeball or the inner membrane itself.

    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda call this point Madhya Vartma and group it with two others Antara Vartma below Bl-1 and Bahya Vartma below GB-1. They are associated with Alochaka Pitta, Sadhaka Pitta and Tarpaka Kapha.

    They give the following actions:
    - Benefits the eyes and nose
    - Enhances circulation of aqueous and vitreous humor
    Lubricates and decongests nasal passages
    - Regulates lacrimation
    - Releases suppressed emotions
    - Improves kidney and adrenal functions

    In Thai massage:
    Location where the Sahatsarangsi (left) and Tawaree (right) sen lines terminate (Salguero & Roylance, 2011, Encyclopedia of Thai Massage)


    Reference Notes: (click to display)